Sunday, May 24, 2020
Global Gender Inequality Issues Continuing Problem Gains and Progress More than 110 million children in the world are not in school. Among them two third of it accounts for girls. Some of the developing countries including Jamaica, Philippines and South Africa has worked on gender inequalities and made such policies that women literacy rate has gone higher. Women represents an average of less than 10% in the parliaments of various countries around the world. In 2005 Iraqi government decided that 25 percent of the parliamentarians must be women. Uganda has guaranteed one third seats to women in parliament, and Canada is also flowing their footsteps. In Sub-Saharan Africa 58% of person infected by HIV are women. In 2001 United Nations set a target that government should make strategies to empower women and reduce their vulnerability to HIV/AIDS Women are prohibited of ownership of land by families. United Nations passed Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEFDAW) which provided women with freedom and protected their rights especially towards the ownership of inheritance Women only earned 77% of wage for the same amount of work what men do. Gender inequality in Canada is not allowed by legislation and all women are equal, especially in earning money at work place B) Issue In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s modern era are women still facing gender inequality in Canada? Concern Ã¢â¬ ¢ This issue is important as calls for equal rights for women in the society. ItShow MoreRelatedA Brief Note On The Universal Declaration Of Human Right Runs3100 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesUniversal Declaration of Human Right runs that everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work. In this regards, statistics says that gender inequality in general, part of which is unequal pay, began to decline in the last ten years, but the process goes slowly and unevenly. In particular, the gender pay gap ranges from less than 10% in some Southeast countries to more than 40% in some countries of Central Asia (International Labour Organization, 2016). Various recentRead MoreEconmics973 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesa report incorporating the following information on Germany and Jamaica. We will employ the country s top five exported and imported products for the most recent year available. Furthermore, we will employ the country s top five trading partners. Note it is im portant to understand that not a single person can contradict these measurements. Statistics and information are vital instruments to this research and lacking these instruments, it can be problematic to implement a calculation on how extensiveRead MoreRotary International Club And The Rotary Club1904 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesbring up ideas and decide on a project that makes the most significant impact in the community. The role of minute taker is to take notes representing the decision and discussion took place during the meeting. A minute is a type of writing used at a local level to keep records of discussed ideas, decisions, and the role of each member working on a particular project. Notes from the minute help to keep us organized, enforce membership accountability and assess the progress made every week. Once we chooseRead MoreChallenging Globalisation : Towards A Feminist Understanding Of Resistance Essay2219 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesResistanceÃ¢â¬â¢ is where Marchand combs through the body of feminist literature and highlights the salient aspects to her reader. In doing this, she aims to show what a gendered politics of resistance includes. The discussion deconstructs and distills gender into an simple triad, with distinct categories which she employs throughout the remainder of her article; physical, ideological and social. It then discusses the scholarship relating to levels, spaces and hierarchies within Globalisation. MarchandRead MoreThe Late Arrival of Feminist Approaches to the Study of International Relations Theory2660 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pagesinternational relations, I have not come across another theory which has covered the issues which have been covered by feminism. This essay will not only consist of my thoughts as to what can be learnt but certain facts and thoughts from other people. I will be attempting to provide you with an insight into the history of feminist; outlining when it arrived in IR. In addition, I will be providing a brief summary of the several types of feminist approaches; Liberal feminism, MarxistRead MoreThe Problem Of Female Foeticide Essay3570 Words Ã |Ã 15 Pageswhich only some are able to receive. What- What we decided to do was to take a stand for those that are having to face the crisis of Female Foeticide. It is one of the worst cases of gender inequality. We believe that all humans are equal and they should not be killed for being different or because of their gender. Female Foeticide is against many of the human rights and that is why there are quite a lot of charities around the country that are running for those in need. There are many NGOÃ¢â¬Å¸s thatRead MoreChina in Africa Essay20116 Words Ã |Ã 81 PagesBeyene Property rights Kjell Havnevik Tor A. Benjaminsen Espen Sjaastad inequality and climate change contents to our reAders AfricAn Agriculture 1 3 november 2007 Carin Norberg African agriculture and the World Bank: development or impoverishment? 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Mental/physical well-being WHO (1948): Ã¢â¬Å"..a state of completely well-being, physical, social, and mental and notRead MoreThe Sociological Imagination: The Effect of Personal Experiences on the Public 3986 Words Ã |Ã 16 Pagesimportant thing that sociology can teach is not how Ã¢â¬Ëpersonal issuesÃ¢â¬â¢ may be public issues, but in fact how peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s experiences of personal issues effect public concerns and policy and shape everybodyÃ¢â¬â¢s lives, thus how their service usersÃ¢â¬â¢ issues are in fact public issues. To answer the question in brief, poverty is an aspect of contemporary society that can affect anyone at any time, therefore it is of everyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s concern and is a public issue. For social workers, while it is important to acknowledgeRead MorePoverty in Thailand12606 Words Ã |Ã 51 PagesGROWTH, AND INEQUALITY IN THAILAND Anil B. Deolalikar April 2002 Anil Deolalikar is Professor of Economics and of International Studies at the University of Washington. This paper stems from RETA 5923: Pro-poor Growth and Institutional Constraints to Poverty Reduction in DMCs. The views expressed in the paper are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the view or policies of the Asian Development Bank. 21 ERD Working Paper No. 8 POVERTY, GROWTH, AND INEQUALITY IN THAILAND
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
There was another philosopher in the seventeenth century who has a similar system and a possibly more coherent system then Margaret Cavendish. Baruch Spinoza has a very unique monistic system. Spinoza lays out a system consisting of one infinite substance with infinite attributes. The two attributes which we can know are thought and extension. I will argue that the attribute of thought and the attribute of extension correlate well with CavendishÃ¢â¬â¢s animate and inanimate matter. I will argue that SpinozaÃ¢â¬â¢s system is more coherent than CavendishÃ¢â¬â¢s and solves some of her systemÃ¢â¬â¢s issues. If it is that case that we desire a system similar to CavendishÃ¢â¬â¢s then SpinozaÃ¢â¬â¢s system is a step in the right direction. Spinoza has a very unique style. He starts with clear definitions and axioms. The definition and axioms he lays out are things to which most philosophers in Europe at the time would have assented. He moves from these definitions and axioms to propositions and proofs. He will state a proposition, and he will immediately follow that with a proof of that proposition given the definitions, axioms, and already proven propositions. The part of Spinoza with which we are concerned is his argument for monism. The argument takes place in propositions one through fourteen. His ultimate goal is proposition fourteen: Ã¢â¬Å"There can be, or be conceived, no other substance but God.Ã¢â¬ By this he means that everything that exists, from humans to stars, are God. Spinoza does not assent to the
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Addressing Emergent Literacy Skills in English-Language Learners Children who are learning English as a second language and live in homes where languages other than English are spoken are known as English-language learners (ELLs). Therefore, it is imperative that preschool personnel be trained to support the emergent literacy skills that prepare preschoolers to enter kindergarten ready to learn to read (Garcia Gonzalez, 2006). Emergent literacy skills are believed to develop during preschool years for most children, when they are in the process of becoming literate. We will write a custom essay sample on Emergent Literacy or any similar topic only for you Order Now The National Early Literacy Panel (2004) identified alphabet knowledge, phonological awareness, writing/writing name, oral language skills, and concepts about print in preschool children as predictors of later reading and writing success in elementary school children. To achieve success, ELLs must be in environments in which Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬ ¢ The first language and literacy are not only valued, but enriched in a planned and systematic manner. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Instruction in English as a second language (ESL) is targeted to the childÃ¢â¬â¢s English-language developmental level while also being challenging. Teachers are knowledgeable about the normal processes of ESL development and literacy development in bilinguals. Ã¢â¬ ¢ The program has a strong home-school connection that provides parent training and views parents as resources. Emergent Literacy Skills are organized into four domains: Print-Knowledge Print knowledge refers to a childÃ¢â¬â¢s growing understanding of the relationship bet ween the form and purpose of print (e. g. , Adams, 1990; Print knowledge has been associated with reading ability in English as a second language in ELLs (Klingner, Artiles, Barletta, 2006). Exposure to different print in different languages helps the child connect writing to his or her native language and culture and also raises the awareness of the symbolic and arbitrary nature of written language. Phonological-Awareness Phonological awareness is the understanding that oral language can be broken up into individual words, words into syllables, and syllables into individual sounds, or phonemes (Bradley Bryant, 1983. ELLs with strong phonological awareness skills in English demonstrated a higher potential for reading achievement in later years (e. g. , Genesee, et al. , 2005). Writing Emergent Writing is considered a childÃ¢â¬â¢s first experience with writing. ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s early experiences in experimenting with different forms of writing support later reading and writing success. Oral-Language Oral language provides the building blocks for literacy. Children who do not develop these core language skills lack some of the most fundamental skills essential for reading (Catts, Fey, Zhang, Tomblin, 1999; They must develop these skills in a language they do not speak while still acquiring emergent literacy skills and oral language skills in their native language. Therefore, one of the most critical emergent literacy skills for ELLs to develop is oral language in the native and second languages. Strong native language skills predict oral language, reading, and writing skills in the second language (e. g. , August, Carlo, Dressler, Snow, 2005; Carlo et al. 2004). Strategies for Improvement Improving emergent literacy in preschool ELLs requires the use of planned instruction or activities that address the prerequisite skills in the two languages, develop strong oral language skills, and connect home with school. Inclusion of bilingual print awareness and writing activities in preschool also will allow ELLs to develop skills in both lan guages and to increase awareness of different writing systems. ELLs also need to build language proficiency in order to connect phonemic awareness, writing, and letter knowledge to language that they understand. Oral Language Skills To improve oral-language skills and facilitate emergent literacy skill development, ELLs need to build vocabulary, oral language comprehension, and production. This context presents a problem for ELLs because they often do not continue to develop their native language unless those skills are stimulated in their home environment and used for instruction in school (Barnett, Yarosz, Thomas, Jung, Blanco, 2007). ELLs entering preschool require language-rich environments that focus on overall language development. If the school focuses on English acquisition of colors and shapes, the child is missing critical development of literate language like stories and vocabulary in the native language and may not have strong foundations for second language acquisition. To build vocabulary skills, explicit and implicit instruction is necessary (Schwanenflugel et al. , 2004). Books build not only vocabulary but also text structure knowledge and background that prepare children for academic success. Dialogic reading can also be used to help ELLs build abstract language, especially in the native language, and to acquire the second language. It is important to provide parents with training to help them understand the role of native language in overall academic, language, and literacy development, for cultural identity, and in English acquisition. Building language and emergent literacy in ELLs requires a planned and systematic approach to address the native and second languages and to provide parents with needed resources and support. Systematic and planned bilingual language and literacy instruction promotes growth in the two languages and does not impede or slow English-language acquisition. How to cite Emergent Literacy, Papers
Monday, May 4, 2020
Question: Describe about the Information System for Business Professionals of Research Analysis. Answer: Introduction In this report, the researcher analyzes the case study of Global Education Services, which is a student recruitment Business. The business is specialized in providing services on international education. The report contains justification of six references that will be used in the second assignment. The justification of the references includes information about how the references are relevant to the case study questions. The literature search assignment is helpful in understanding the topic areas related to the case study questions. Justification of References Information System Information System mainly focuses GEC can use information system for removing its manual style of working. The use of information system in GEC provides improved level of service to its customers. The organization can technically handle staff leave, payroll and timesheets. GEC can use information system for managing most of its operations. Gathering and distribution of information became easier with the help of information system. The article is selected for providing information regarding the use of information system.GEC can use information system for removing its manual style of working. The article reflects that Information system will help GEC in proper communication with its customers, in proper decision-making process, and in recording data of students properly (Gillingham Graham 2016, pp.189). GEC will be benefited by the information system as it helps in Creation of client contracts, accepting payment, issuing receipts, generating letters and documents to stakeholders. The article is relevant to question number 1 and 4. International education Market GEC is an organization that acts as a recruitment agent for universities from different countries. It helps in improving the understanding of academic mobility, shaping international relation and higher education of GEC. All this factors helps GEC in competing against different organizations, which also act as a recruitment agent. The article is relevant to question number 2. The article is selected for discussing the major strategies that will be helpful for GEC in influencing students for choosing a particular destination for education. The article will be helpful for GEC in improving its present workforce. The article suggests different ways that influences a student for selecting a particular destination for higher studies (Pan 2013, pp.250). The suggestion will help GEC in flourishing its business. Strategic Utilization of Internet Internet is used in order to disclose personal and financial information. Social media, cloud computing and other web based software can be used by GEC in order to gain attention from the consumers. Quantitative responses were gained from the customers that help to understand the attitude regarding the use of technology for supporting sales, services, education and communication. The use of internet in GEC will be helpful in managing the workforce properly. The use of internet in GEC will be helpful in managing the workforce properly. The article is selected as GEC is facing many problems in its present work culture due to the use of manual processes. The use of internet will help GEC in creation of client contracts, accepting payment, issuing receipts, in communication process, in advertisement in providing customer support, generating letters and documents to stakeholders at a faster rate than they do manually (Totterdal 2015, pp.153). Thus, it will help GEC in solving most of the challenges that the company is facing due to its manual style of workforce. The article is relevant to question number 5. Change Management Change Management is one of the most important concepts in every business organization. The change is necessary as the organization is facing a lot of problem in managing current workforce. The company needs to change its manual style of workforce by adopting information system, which will be helpful in managing the processes of the GEC properly. Change management in GEC will influence the company to adopt modern technologies like internet and information system. The article is chosen because GEC wants to change its organizational system and wants to reconfigure it by using information system. The article is helpful in providing knowledge to GEC by reflecting the idea of structural recombination and realignment (Karim et al. 2016, pp.795). The article is relevant to question number 6. Ethical issues in Information System The use of information system creates many ethical issues. The major problems that occur due to the use of information system include health risk, unemployment, information privacy risks etc. GEC can use information system for removing its manual style of working. The proper use of information system minimizes ethical issues. The information System helps in providing information about Creation of client contracts, accepting payment, issuing receipts, staff leave, payroll and timesheets, therefore privacy of information is very much important. The article is selected as GEC wants to change its system of organization by implementing Information System. The article will be helpful in providing suggestions to GEC regarding ethical issues that can arise due to the use of information system. All this factors that are reflected by the article will help GEC in using Information System properly ( Wakunuma Stahl 2014, pp.137). The article will be helpful for GEC in providing suggestions for overcoming the privacy risk problem. The article is relevant to question number 7. Enhancing Competitive Market Segmented and integrated market settings affect dislocation of GEC. The only remedy to trade externality is trade agreement. GEC needs to compete against its competitors by implementing information system and by using internet. The organizations needs different ways that influences a student for selecting a particular destination for higher studies. The article is relevant to question number 3. The article is selected because GEC is facing huge competition from its competitor organization. The article reflects some strategies and policies that GEC need to adopt in order to enhance its competitive market. The suggestion will help GEC in flourishing its business (Bagwell Staiger 2015, pp. 137) The use of internet will help GEC in creation of client contracts, accepting payment at a much faster rate, which will have a positive effect on its recruitment process. References Bagwell, K, Staiger, RW 2015, 'Delocation and trade agreements in imperfectly competitive markets',Research in Economics, vol. 69, pp. 132-156. Gillingham, P, Graham, T 2016, 'Designing electronic information systems for the future: Social workers and the challenge of New Public Management',Critical Social Policy, 36, 2, pp. 187-204. Karim, s, Carroll, t, long, c 2016, 'Delaying change: examining how industry and managerial turbulence impact structural realignment',Academy Of Management Journal, 59, 3, pp. 791-817 Pan, S 2013, 'China's approach to the international market for higher education students: strategies and implications',Journal Of Higher Education Policy Management, 35, 3, pp. 249-263 Totterdale, rl 2015, 'case study: exploration of how technology and social media use is related to internet privacy concerns in a direct sales organization',Issues In Information Systems, 16, 4, p. 157. Wakunuma, K, Stahl, B 2014, 'Tomorrow's ethics and today's response: An investigation into the ways information systems professionals perceive and address emerging ethical issues',Information Systems Frontiers, 16, 3, pp. 383-397.
Saturday, March 28, 2020
The History of Baseball Cards Baseball cards have a very broad history. In the beginning, god made man. Then, man produced........ the baseball card. From 1887 to the present, billions of baseball cards have been produced. Some cards are valued at ten cents, while others, are valued at over one hundred thousand dollars. Since 1887, Baseball cards have been a major part of many people's lives. The Beginning of the baseball card collecting era would lead cards to a path of greatness and immortality. The first baseball cards were made of a cloth like material. Many of these cards were "home made" (SCD)*. No one but the creator of these cards, (there all dead) knows for sure what exactly was used to produce these early cards. This time period started on 1887 and continued on until 1901. The 1887 baseball cards were part of a unique set. Not only did this set contain baseball cards, but it also contained boxing. golf, and horse racing cards. These cards are very high in value because of their rarity and because they are some of the early baseball cards. The common card is worth around $800. All of these cards are common, considering that there were no star athletes back then. There were not many cards sizes during this time period. The only size that I could find was one and a half inches by two inches. There were many company's that manufactured cards during this time period. They were: Mayo Tobacco Works, Buchner, Kimball's, Old Judge, Allen & Ginter, and Goodwin (SCD). These cards are rare, but are not very difficult to obtain if you're willing to pay top dollar. What many collectors call "the golden years of baseball", took place from 1902 until 1935. One reason that collectors call this time period that is because cards took many different changes during this era. Cards were starting to be packaged with Chewing Tobacco, crackerjacks, and Chewing gum. The value of cards during this time period depends on many different factors. A large percent of these cards have misprints (flaws). Because of these misprints, a card may have a higher value than the exact same card because of a misprint. The reason there were so many misprints was because the card industry was just starting to experiment with the printing process (SCD). The most expensive baseball card of all time was produced during this era. That card was the Honus Wagner T-206 produced in 1909. The reason that this card is so expensive is because only 4 of these cards were ever produced. Honus Wagner didn't want kids buying tobacco for the Baseball cards. One of the Wagners sold at an auction recently for 451,500 to Wayne Gretzky (SCD). There were three main sizes of baseball cards during this time period. One of the sizes was the "tobacco" size cards. These cards were one and a half inches by two inches. The second card size was a rectangular sheet of three cards. These were about two inches by five and one fourth inches. The third and final size was a square about two inches by two inches. Cards were packaged with chewing tobacco, cracker jacks, chewing gum, and cigarettes (SCD). Many company's produced cards during this era. Some of the major manufactures were : Piedmont, Soverign, Ramly, Hassan, Mecca and Turkey Red. The T-2.. series is very common at card shows. With the exception of the Honus Wagner, most of these cards can be acquired for a reasonable price. From 1936 until 1960, not much happened in the card collecting era. Three major changes occurred during this time period. The cards themselves changed to a size that would carry them to present time. Also, two ground breaking companies would arrive and last until the 21st century. The value of the 30's and 40's cards is around forty dollars for a semi-star (BKM)*. The value of the 50's cards is a little higher at forty five dollars for the semi- star. Mickey Mantle's rookie is included in the 1952 Bowman set. It is valued at $9,000 . Also, another Mantle , his '52 Topps is worth $35,000 (BKM, SCD, TUFF*). The 60's common cards are worth between one dollar and five dollars. There were two main card sizes from 1936 to 1960.
Saturday, March 7, 2020
Using the Lexical Approach for the Acquisition of ESP Vocabulary Ã¢â¬â Spanish Essay Free Online Research Papers Using the Lexical Approach for the Acquisition of ESP Vocabulary Spanish Essay Galina KavaliauskienÃ « and Violeta JanuleviÃ ¨nÃ « propose in this article that specialized vocabulary is the most important realm in teaching ESP. They also consider that Ã¢â¬Å"the more words a learner knows, the larger the learnerÃ¢â¬â¢s vocabulary isÃ¢â¬ . Also, we have to take into account another fact in what vocabulary knowledge concernes. Galina and Violeta affirm that a native speaker knows a wide range of many other words for any given word, this is the reason why the larger the combinatory possibilities of a word the learner masters, the more knowledge of specialized items s/he can use. These specialized items are called by some researchers Ã¢â¬Ëchunks of languageÃ¢â¬â¢ (also Ã¢â¬Ëlexical phrases or itemsÃ¢â¬â¢, or Ã¢â¬Ëmulti- word chunksÃ¢â¬â¢). According to the authors these chunks of language, which are the occurrence of lexical patterns in language use, are very important in language use and acquisition because they provide many advantages for ESP language teaching. Michael Lewis (a contributing writer to the New York Times Magazine, a columnist for Bloomberg, and a visiting fellow at the University of California) proposed in 1993 that language consisted of lexical items belonging to four major groups. The first group consists of not many words and polywords, which have usually been considered to be essential vocabulary that the learner has to memorize. The second group is collocations, which is the way in which words usually occour with each other. The acquisition of the most common ESP collocations is paramount to develop an accurate level of English. The third and fourth groups are fixed and semi-fixed expressions, which are considered to be, as well as ESP collocations, the most important types of chunks or lexical phrases, because, as native speakers use and combine them, mastering these accurately will offer the learner the possibility to understand how language works. Related to LewisÃ¢â¬â¢s theory, Galina and Violeta suggest that ESP students must learn and master high-priority vocabulary but do not need to know which category the chunks belong to. What ESP student must have in mind is the awareness of their existence and their effective learning. At this point the role of the teacher is essential for the learners to recognize chunks. S/he must spend some time to develop learnersÃ¢â¬â¢ strategies for dealing with new lexical phrases. For this purpose they created a list of authentic passages containing the target lexical phrase so that learners are led to discover what different collocations exist for the item. As no knowledge on lexical category is needed to identify chunks of language, Galina and Violeta emphasize the use of authentic material, so that language units are learned in context, which is better for the studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ intake of ESP vocabulary. If an item is decontextualised it is more difficult to retain it in memory and conseq uently to master it. Finally, Galina and Violeta recommend for the students not to forget the new acquired ESP vocabulary to check comprehension of authentic passages, to practice, to revise and to consolidate. They suggest a specific activities for each recommendation, namely, a Ã¢â¬Ëfill in the blanksÃ¢â¬â¢ exercise to the comprehension check; oral practice for the second and Ã¢â¬Ërole-playÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬Ëproblem solvingÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬ËdiscussionsÃ¢â¬â¢, or Ã¢â¬Ëpictorial schemataÃ¢â¬â¢ exercises to revise and consolidate the vocabulary. In conclusion, ESP learners become aware of lexical phases and identify them thanks to Galina and VioletaÃ¢â¬â¢s lexical approach method, because they do not have to concentrate on lexical categories but on the structures of the phrases or chunks. It is worth to say that multi-word chunks is a challenge for second language acquisition because it reinforces the students spontaneous availability to use ESP items. It seems to be interesting Research Papers on Using the Lexical Approach for the Acquisition of ESP Vocabulary - Spanish EssayStandardized TestingAnalysis Of A Cosmetics AdvertisementOpen Architechture a white paperAssess the importance of Nationalism 1815-1850 EuropeComparison: Letter from Birmingham and Crito19 Century Society: A Deeply Divided EraMind TravelQuebec and CanadaResearch Process Part OneRelationship between Media Coverage and Social and
Wednesday, February 19, 2020
Women in the work place - Research Paper Example The unjust power dynamics between men and women has evidently and significantly affected women in our society in general. This is for the reason that the situation of women is at a disadvantageous point as compared to that of men. Women are considered as second class citizens who are regarded as powerless and in need to depend on men. The normative standard expects men to dominate over women. In addition to that, such system of patriarchy is supported and intensified by our society through the unceasing reinforcement of the male domination via a wide array of institutions such as religion, government, family, education, and often than not, the institution of workplace as well. In the institution of workplace in particular, womenÃ¢â¬â¢s participation in the labor force has been massive in every region of the world. Though the condition of women has considerably improved nowadays, it is the case that discrimination against them in the workplace still exists. Based on the report by th e International Labour Organization (ILO), the old ways of discrimination still exist together with the new ones (39). As a matter of fact, the gender Ã¢â¬â based discrimination does manifest itself in so many ways and in terms of employment, it occurs in all the stages of the process (ILO 39). That is to say, men are more preferred than women (ILO 39). It is also the case that women are given more workload in both paid and unpaid labor than men (ILO 39). Despite the more workload given to women, Kelan suggested that there exists a payment gap. As suggested by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, women are financially discriminated since they work 41 to 44 hours per week but earn just 84.6 per cent of what men are paid for these hours while those women who work more than 60 hours per week receive just 78.3 per cent of that of men (Kelan). This underpayment is only one of the discriminations of different sorts that women do experience. Even though women have the potentials that en able them to receive higher level of status in various companies, gender stereotyping affects how women think about themselves (Snowdon). Apart from that, the womenÃ¢â¬â¢s role in economic growth is crucial but the thing is, still women face so many obstacles to get hired and be promoted in the workplace (Ã¢â¬Å"The importance of sexÃ¢â¬ ). Given this background, the focus of this paper is to primarily critically analyze the position of women in the workplace. Specifically, it aims at identifying the forms of discrimination that women do suffer in employment. Also, it targets to know the barriers of why women do have such unequal top management positions with that of men in the labor force. Basically, this paper argues that women, although have what it takes to reach the top Ã¢â¬â management positions that men play in the workplace, still are at a disadvantageous position of being discriminated due to the unfair consideration because of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s gender. Women in the Workp lace WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s participation in the labor force has significantly improved as compared before. As a matter of fact, their participation in the workplace is massive which can be seen in every region in the world. In fact, as of today, there are great numbers of women can be found participating in public service since women are encouraged to join in the labor market (ILO iii). According to Kaylan, the rate and extent of advancement that women have created in the American work force are not realized by many of us (14). There are more women than men participating in the labor force of professional occupations which includes professional, financial, management and business professions. As a matter of fact, women have already reached the top of the corporate ladder. In the Fortune 500 companies,